Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Photo by Donna L. Long. Fruit are borne on female trees only. Aromatic when broken. Sassafras albidum can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Use this tree as a shade tree, street tree or specimen. Nees Plant Symbol = SAAL5 Contributed by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Alternate Names Common sassafras, ague tree Uses Ethnobotanic: All parts of the sassafras plant are spicy and aromatic. All of the trees in a colony may rise from the same parent. Fall color is quite showy with reds, oranges and yellows. Sassafras actually has a far more complex history than many people may realize, and its torrid past may be part of what makes it such a great creative muse. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)Interesting Information About Plant: Sassafrass is a native plant to North America and was used by the Native Americans for various medicinal cures and a cooking spice (this was recorded as early as 1577). Owensboro, Ky., is home to the national champion, a 78-foot-tall sassafras with a 69-foot spread. SASSAFRAS Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Sassafras trees scientific name is Sassafras albidum and hails from the family Lauraceae. Tolerates dry, sandy soils. As the oldest continually operating nursery in the country, we've curated a time-tested collection of over 300 unique varieties of fruit trees, nut trees and berry plants. Sassafras in the understory produces fruit under these conditions. Sassafras albidum ommon Name: sassafras Type: Tree Family: Lauraceae Height: 20 to 30 feet Spread: 15 to 25 feet loom Time: April to May loom Description: Greenish-yellow Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium Maintenance: Medium Suggested Use: Flowering Tree Flower: Showy Fruit: Showy Tolerate: Deer, Drought, lay Soil A Its 4- to 8-inch leaves emit a fragrant aroma when crushed, as do the showy yellow spring blooms. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Fruits ripen in August and September (Immel, 2001). Male and female flowers appear on separate trees. Plant in full sun or partial shade in moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Sassafras grows on the moist, well-drained sandy soil. This plant has no children Legal Status. Sassafras albidum Figure 1. Heat, drought, and soil compaction tolerant. Sassafras is common in Kentucky and is one of the first trees to grow in abandoned fields (with the help of visiting birds that love to eat the tree's fruit). The bark is attractive red-brown, deeply furrowed with corky ridges. The roots and bark of the sassafras tree were the original source of flavoring for root beer until studies showed that safrole was carcinogenic, ultimately leading the FDA to ban its use in food products. All parts of sassafras plants, including roots, stems, twig leaves, bark, flowers, and fruit, have been used for culinary, medicinal, and aromatic purposes, both in areas where they are endemic and in areas where they were imported, such as Europe. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Sassafras scientifically known as sassafras albidum is a deciduous tree, from the Lauraceae family and native to eastern North America and eastern Asia. Sassafras – Sassafras albidum [1]Lauraceae: Laurel FamilySteam distillation of the dried root bark produces an essential oil, consisting mostly of safrole, that once was extensively used as a fragrance in perfumes and soaps, food and for aromatherapy [2]. The medium green leaves are 4 to 6 inches long and 2 to 4 inches wide and will often have 3 shapes on the tree- oval without lobes, mitten-shaped and three-lobed. This tree prefers well-drained sandy acidic soils but will adapt to other soils if well-drained. Oils have been used in soaps and fragrances. Sassafras tree (Sassafras albidum) is a very common native plant in the Eastern United States. Adult Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies feed on nectar from Japanese honeysuckle, jewelweed, thistles, milkweed, azalea, dogbane, lantana, mimosa, and sweet pepperbush. No serious insect or disease problems. They have no petals but have six greenish-yellow sepals. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. The Sassafras tree is a fragrant, warm weather tree found throughout the American South where it is well-known for its striking fall foliage and shapely height. If you wish for a fruit production, you should plant both male and female trees. Culinary uses have included: sassafras tea (bark), root beer flavoring (root oil) and a gumbo-thickening agent called filé (stem pith). AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. The fruit is a dark blue, ovoid drupe with a shallow cupule at the base (Rohwer 1993a, Liao 1996b, van der Werff 1997, Flanagan 1998, Li et al. Grows at a medium to fast pace to 30'–60' tall with a 25'–40' spread. In these stands, sassafras is apparently functioning as a dominant shrub . Pistillate flowers have six staminodes (in two whorls) or twelve staminodes (in four whorls). Prefers moist, acidic, loamy soils. Leaves may turn yellow while veins remain green (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. It may experience root rot if grown in wet, clay soils. It can be found in woodlands, fields and along roadsides and has adapted to various acidic soils. The Laurel family is comprised of 2000 – 4000 species in 55 genera of flowering plants in […] Female trees produce pendant clusters of .4 inch long-inch bluish-black drupes borne in red cup-like receptacles on 1 inch long red stalks. Shrubby in youth, but matures to a dense, pyramidal tree up to 60' tall. Fruits mature in September. Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic: Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) The beautiful Sassafras tree offers three-season interest: globelike clusters of chartreuse flowers in spring, leaves with three distinct shapes, dark blue fruit in red cups in summer, and foliage ranging from orange to crimson to purple in fall. Pages related to . Sassafras albidum was an important plant to Native American tribes of the southeastern United States and was used for many purposes, especially for medical treatments and as a culinary ingredient with its Sassafras Root Bark. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  The leaves may turn yellow while veins remain green (chlorosis) in alkaline soils. sassafras Lauraceae Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Sassafras is deciduous tree that belongs to the laurel family. Native Americans used the oils in tonics for medical purposes. Only 1 terminal bud, larger than side buds. Location of Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) at the Arboretum. Variable, 4-7" long leaves in three shapes (ovate, mitten-shaped and three-lobed) are bright green above and glaucous (albidum meaning white) below. Also can be grown as lawn specimens. The bark if ingested may cause low level toxicity. Sassafras is one of the first plants that will appear in deforested areas (pioneer species). In the end there is a big difference in Sassafras Tea and Sassafras Oil - when you make Sassafras Tea you boil the roots. The Sassafrass trees are shipped bare root, during dormancy. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. They bloom from March to April. Large taproot makes transplanting of established trees difficult. Female trees bloom more profusely than male trees. Sassafras is a tall shrub or tree that produces three shapes of leaves: a mitten-shaped leaf with one large lobe and a small "thumb"; an oval leaf, and a three-lobed leaf. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Variable, 4-7" long leaves in three shapes (ovate, mitten-shaped and three-lobed) are bright green above and glaucous (albidum meaning white) below. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The 1/2" dark blue fruit is loved by birds in the fall. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. If a single trunk tree is desired, these will need to be removed. More recently, sassafras oils have been determined to contain a carcinogenic substance (safrole) and many of the former uses for the oils are now banned by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Genus name probably comes from an American Indian name used in Florida.Specific epithet means white. They are dark blue berry-like (drupes) on bright red stalks. Middle-aged Sassafras. If root suckers are not removed, tree will spread and begin to take on the appearance of a large multi-stemmed shrub. There are lots of controversies and conspiracy theories relating to Sassafras and its active compound safrole. The female tree also bears the fruit, which appears as small, dark blueberries that ripen in the autumn. Be sure to remove any shoots that develop for a single-trunk tree. Adding Fruit to Your Homestead For over 200 years, Stark Bro's Nursery has been helping homesteaders across America live more self-sufficient lifestyles. Nowadays, safrole-free sassafras extracts exist. Sassafras albidum was an important plant to many Native Ameri… Excellent yellow, purple and red fall color. Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Black Walnut. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to With it showy flowers, unique leaf shape, great fall colours and beautifully coloured fruit, this native tree is a great specimen for any landscape, native planting or … Sassafras albidum or the sassafras tree is a member of the laurel tree family. 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